Invention, Intellectual Property, and Income | Week 18


  • What is Dissemination ?
  • Sharing research findings with potential users, such as industry, other commercial entities, policymakers, and colleagues in the field of study, is known as dissemination. You advance science as a whole by disseminating the findings of your research to the rest of the scientific community.

  • The purpose of this week's lesson plan is to teach you how to safeguard your concept and how to stop anyone from using it or your product for their own gain. For the same, there are numerous types of patents. The goal was to learn more about them and choose which was best for us.

  • Inventions

  • are novel or distinctive tools, techniques, compositions, or procedures. The engineering and product development process as a whole includes the invention process. It could be a new process for producing a result or an upgrade to an equipment or product. An extreme breakthrough might be an invention that accomplishes a special purpose or outcome.

  • Intellectual property (IP)

  • refers to a name, logo, design, or other work of art that has been granted legal protection by a person or company. Nearly all firms possess intellectual property (IP). Patents, copyrights, and trademarks are examples of intellectual property rights that give the inventor a temporary, exclusive right to use their product. To safeguard their intellectual property, business owners must be aware of the three types of registration.

  • Copyrights

  • are given by law to those who produce musical, artistic, theatrical, and literary works as well as films and sound recordings. Copyright, as well as the rights to slogans, catchphrases, techniques, stories, or facts, do not apply to brands and names. Additionally, thoughts or ideas are not protected by copyright. Therefore, those who create sound records, cinematic films, and computer software—as well as writers, artists, designers, dramatists, musicians, and architects—are the main users of copyrights.

  • A trademark is a symbol used by businesses to differentiate their goods and services from those of other businesses in commerce. Written words, names, symbols, labels, figures, and colour combinations are all acceptable trademarks. Brand names, company names, slogans, and other items are typically protected by trademarks.

  • Patents

  • give a patentee a temporary right of exclusivity over an innovation. If an innovation is patentable, the patentee may exercise control over its production, use, sale, and importation without the inventor's permission. A unique procedure or product that comprises an innovative step and can be used in industry in India may be granted a patent.

  • Different types of open source licenses:

    GNU General Public License

  • Copy the Software:

  • You can copy that code anywhere you like. Copy it wherever, however many times, on your server, the server of your client, and local workstations. - Dispersion:

  • You may share it on your hard drives or thumb drives, post a download link to the code under this licence on your website, print the code out on paper, or use any other method of distribution you like. - Assess a Fee:

  • You can charge someone for the programme, but don't forget to offer them a copy of the GNU GPL so they know they can get it for free somewhere else. This provides you with an opportunity to explain your pricing policy. - Modifying the codebase Howsoever:

  • You are welcome to modify the project by forking it. You can alter the features however you want. The only prerequisite is that your product must be licenced under the GNU GPL as well.

  • Understanding the differences between source and binary distributions is crucial. Regarding releasing applications under one another, there are several limitations. Additionally, if a project makes use of the GNU GPL licence, it must adhere to some established guidelines for commenting licence requirements inside the code itself.


  • Compared to GNU GPL, it gives fewer rights to work. For libraries and projects that want to permit linking with non-GPL and non-open-source software, it is typically appropriate. GPL prohibits the use of GPL-licensed code in commercial or proprietary software and demands that any other project or source that uses a GPL-licensed project do the same. By not requiring other projects that use the code to have a comparable licence, LGPL nullifies it.


  • Patents and copyrights are also covered by the Apache License version 2.0. Some licences are exclusively applicable to copyrights, not to patents. Details of the Apache License include:

  • Rights are Never Ending: Once the Apache License has been granted, you are free to use it indefinitely without having to renew it.

  • Rights for No Fee or Royalty: No charge, neither up front nor per usage or on any other basis applicable.

  • Rights are Irrevocable:There is a clause in the licence that states that if you file a lawsuit alleging patent infringement on anything covered by the licence, your licence will be terminated. However, this clause only applies to patented works, so as long as you don't file a lawsuit alleging infringement on the work, you won't have to worry about it. No one can ever tell you that a derivative of the code that was licenced under this licence cannot be used any longer.

  • Redistribution of the code is subject to conditions, primarily relating to maintaining the licence and giving proper acknowledgment to individuals who contributed to it.

  • BSD License

  • The BSD licence belongs to a family of free software licences with far fewer distribution limitations than other free software licences. There are two crucial versions:

  • The New Modified BSD License / The New BSD License

  • The FreeBSD License and Simplified BSD License

  • The Open Source Initiative has approved both as open source licences.

  • The New BSD License, also referred to as the "3-clause licence," permits limitless redistribution for any reason as long as the license's copyrights and warranty disclaimers are upheld. There is an intriguing prerequisite for this licence. It includes a clause banning the use of contributors' names to support derived works without their express authorization. It basically means that if someone forks the code of a well-known person and modifies it to create a new project, that person's name cannot be used to support the new project. The Simplified BSD License does not have this phrase, which is the main distinction between the New and Simplified BSD Licenses.


  • The licences used for MIT Open Courseware Material, known as Creative Commons (CC), aren't nearly open source. They frequently appear in design projects. There are numerous of them, each offering unique and specific powers. There are four fundamental components to a CC License.

  • Accreditation:The author must be acknowledged as the work's originator. Work may then be altered, shared, copied, or used in other ways.

  • Shared with CC:Only the CC License may be used for modification and distribution of the work.

  • Non-Commercial:Work may be altered and distributed, but not for profit. The lack of a clearly delineated definition leaves the meaning of the term "commercial" a little ambiguous.

  • No Derivative Works:The licenced work may be copied and distributed, but it may not be altered in any manner or be used as the basis for another work (as with MIT Open Courseware Materials).

  • Remember that not all CC-based licences have these exact same rules. The rules mentioned above may or may not apply to all CC Licenses. They are incompatible with one another but can be blended based on requirements.

  • Getting the license

    Once you know which license to get, got to and start filling out the details. This is the page that will be displayed.

  • And then Copy HTML link

  • Presentation Slide:

    Presentation Video

    Future scope

  • We can use this for safety awareness purpose

  • For Example:Most of farmers not using masks during spraying
  • So we can be this to start and stop the pump in that case.

  • Business Model

  • I don't want to make this project a product I had to do this project for my learning. I don't want to work on this project.

  • I will definitely use this project in the workshop I want to create.

  • References

  • Licenses & Standards
  • Safety Switch by Parejiya Jaydeep is licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0