Characterize your lasercutter, making test part(s) that vary cutting settings and dimensions
Cut something on the vinylcutter design, lasercut, and document a parametric press-fit construction kit, accounting for the lasercutter kerf, which can be assembled in multiple ways
LASER CUTTER CHARACTERIZATION (Group Assignment)
- Iván Callupe
- Diego Santa Cruz
- Carlos Nina
Machine: TROTEC Speedy 400
The first objective is find the parameters to get a clean cut. The second step is measure the kerf of the machine. The last test is about tolerances. We need to find the tolerances to get a good press fit.
An important information is the Machine engraving area 1000 x 610 mm (39 x 24 in), more specs can be found here .
Important considerations before cutting:
- Focus the lens.
Basically it is ensure the right distance between the piece and the lens. This procedure require put a special tool over the lens and up the table, until the tool fall, due to the contact with the material surface.
This procedure must be done before each cut job. The irregular height of the material surface, can affect the cut and leave zones uncut.
- Turn on the air extractor.
In this machine, the air assistance can be configured from the software to each cut job.
- Clean lens.
We notice, the lens on this machine can get dirty after cut two or three boards. So, keep the lens clean is an important consideration.
For the first test on this machine, we create small squares too. (The first 10 squares was made before clean the lens of machine, so we did it again)
The result of the test is:
The best paratemeters to make a good quality cut are speed: 0.5, power:100 and frequency:5000, to 4mm MDF.
To calculate the kerf of machine, we need to measure the outer borders and the inner borders of the cut, then divide this rest by 2.
kerf = (30.05 - 29.50)/2
kerf = 0.275 mm
In this machine, we test the fit too. So, these are the results:
Interference fit on C joint is:
So, the optimal press fit is -0.035mm to a "C Joint"
Interference fit on U joint is:
So, the optimal press fit is +/-0.2mm to a "U Joint"
VINYLCUTTER DESIGN (Individual Assignment)
To this assignment, I decide to cut the Fab Academy Logo. On the first try, I use a color logo on PNG format.
After cut the vinyl, I was noticed that some letters didn't cutted.
This problem occurs apparently due to the letters are gray. That color does not generate contrast enough. So, in the second try I use a black and white image.
This time the small letters are cut, but the knife removes some parts of them. Apparently due to its small size.
I tried a new cut, but the knife still removes parts of the vinyl. I think the problem is the knife is no sharp enough.
The vinyl cutter is maybe the machine less used in the Fablab, I assume the knife made rust and lose sharp.
After try again the final cut I got is this:
A temporal decal on the window of the Fablab.
PRESS FIT CUT DESIGN (Individual Assignment)
To this part of assignment, I decide to make a laptop stand. My idea is try a complex modelling and assembly (looking the model is clear that I has no intention to made the model simple). I'm not so experienced user on Fusion 360 so, I want to push me to get something "complex".
The first step to model is define parameters. These will be used on every piece of the model, especially the thickness.
Once the model is completed, the next step is obtain the layout of the pieces on 2d, to send them to cut. Due to this task is complex just like the model, I search and found a Fusion 360's script to do this more easily. The add-in is called Nester (created by Patrick Rainsberry). Basically rotate and align pieces over a plane. The install files are here. Install instructions for Fusion 360 Add-ins are here, and a video of how it works here.
Due to the characterization of both machines taked us a lot of time. This week I will cut the pieces and make the assembly.
This week I finished one important task on the 3D model: set the interference fit. The previous procedure is good to obtain the pieces, but to set a interference fit that guarantee a correct press fit, we need to do something more.
At the previous procedure, the thickness of the base plate (used with NESTER) is the same that mdf plate. This time I duplicate this thickness and later used the combine command with the option cut. The result is a only one solid (base plate) with pockets with the shape of my laptop stand pieces.
To increase or reduce some dimensions (according needs of interference fit), I used the Pull command. Once this task is completed, we can extract the profile on a dxf file. to do this, we create a new sketch, selecting the top face of our base plate solid. When, rigth click over the sketch and choose the option to save as dxf file.
In my case (when I did the sketch), additionally project the "inner" faces with the command Project. Apparently this causes duplicated lines on my dxf file. This is an undesirable thing, because a duplicated line makes de laser beam on the machine pass two times for the same place. So, you need to check this, before cut.
Finally, the cutting.
The assembly process
The final result
Files of this assignment: