Noora Almarri

A little About myself

My name is Noora, and I am 23 years old. I am currently a PhD student in University College London (UCL), doing my research in biomedical implantable electronics. I chose this degree because I enjoy designing electronics chips that is limited in power. Outside of the engineering field, I spend my time writing stories and plays. I really enjoy reading fiction and philosophy, and explore fundemental questions about the universe. I am currently part of the FabAcademy to explore my creative interests, and build my first startup! I am interested to explore wearable medical electronics to enhance my research experience.

A picture of me

Random Name

I belief the best way to get to know a person is by knowing what they love to read so here is a list of my favorite books:

A list of my Favorite Books:

- The stranger by Albert Camus
- 1984 by George Orwell
- The Fall by Albert Camus
- The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald
- Wuthering Heights by Emily Brönte
- Temporary People by Deepak Unnikrishnan
- Modern Arabic Drama: An anthology by Salama Khadra Jayyusi
- Animal Farm by George Orwell
- Angels in America by Tony Kushner
- Fate of a Cockroach and Other Plays by Tawfiq Al-Hakim

Field Work Experience

I have done some field work that inspires me to create cheap wearable electronics to help keep track of people's health. I am glad that I got the opportunity to explore the world through field work. I am interested in using my experiences to design my first startup. Engineering Design is one of the most fascinating aspect.

Random Name

Field work changes you...

Random Name

I am interested in combining my writing interest, biomedical research to create a tool that can be later be part of a start up.
I am interested in creating a tool that can help people improve the mental and physical health of people in rural area.

Muscle Stimulator

The project that inspired me to develop the muscle stimulator is the menstrual pain stimulator.
As shown in the image below:

The design will be a microprocessor-multielectrode stimulator for pain relief and restoring muscle movement. The neuromuscular electric stimulator will help in activating paralyzed muscle for therapeutic benefits They help in strengthening, firming, and toning muscles.

Understanding Wearable Medical Electronics

I have built A live Demonstration: A wearable Multi-Sensory Platform for Closed-Loop Optical Stimulation Control in Treating Muscle Paralysis.
The system that I have designed is able to restore hand grasp movement to patients suffering from muscle paralysis, by optical stmulating engrafted stem cell-derived motor neurons that reinnervate the externsor and flexor muscles. The system contains both electrical impednace Tomography (EIT) to detect the muscle contractions, and also inertial impedance tomography (EIT) to detect the impednace variation caused by the muscle contraction, and using inertiral measurements. The LEDs stimulator turn on dependent on the different hand movements that are caused by the weable EIT system on the forearms and the IMUs on the fingers.

This video talks a little about the future of bioelectronics.

This video is by an Amazing professor that speaks about medical electronics!

Final Project

My next project that I will build with the Fablabs will combine both EIT technology, and it will be a Sacral Nerve Stimulation for Colorectal Disorders. As we can see here there are some simulators for the sacral nerve but it is an implantable device. Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) has been used to treat OAB for several decades. The SNS device is implanted above the buttocks. A lead sends electrical impulses to the sacral nerves to calm the bladder

Tabial Nerve Stimulator

Another OAB treatment modality included in the recent review is percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TNS). Physicians insert a small needle into the ankle to stimulate the tibial nerve once a week for the first three months, followed by ongoing monthly appointments

Two new implantable TNS devices have potential to eliminate the need for the frequent office visits. One is the Bioness StimRouterTM neuromodulation system. It has an implanted lead with an integrated receiver, anchor and three electrode contacts in close association to the posterior tibial nerve. The lead captures stimulation energy that is delivered wirelessly and transdermally from a rechargeable external pulse transmitter and electrode patch. Both the transmitter and patch are worn only during periods of stimulation. The patient uses a programmer to track usage and change programs. The programmer controls the external pulse transmitter wirelessly. Dr. Goldman is the site principal investigator for an ongoing clinical trial of this technology.

Pain Stimulator for the spinal Cord

To be able to understand how pain stimulators work. It is important to understand how pain is felt. Pain is the way the brain interprets information about a particulat sensation the body is experiencing. The information is sent to the brain via nerve pathways. The way the brain interprets this information is complex and can be affected by many outside factors. Pain is multidimensional: it can be physical, mental and also emotional. Chronic pain can persists for several months that is hard to cope with. It has emotional side effects such as depression, anger or anxiety.

Spinal Cord Stimulation

- Teaching principles and practices of digital fabrication
- Arranging lectures, recitations, meetings, and events for the class
- Evaluating and providing feedback on student work
- Offering clear standards for completing assignments
- Certifying and archiving student progress
- Supervising class preparation
- Reviewing prospective students, instructors, and labs
- Providing central staff and infrastructure for students, instructors, and labs
- Fund-raising for costs not covered by student tuition
- Managing and reporting on the program's finances, results, and impacts
- Publicizing the program
- Promoting a respectful environment free of harassment and discrimination

- Attending class lectures and participating in reviews
- Developing and documenting projects assigned to introduce and demonstrate skills
- Honestly reporting on my work, and appropriately attributing the work of others
- Working safely
- Leaving workspaces in the same (or better) condition than I found them
- Participating in the upkeep of my lab
- Ensuring that my tuition to cover local and central class costs is covered
- Following locally applicable health and safety guidance
- Promoting a respectful environment free of harassment and discrimination