The first board I fabricate was the Fab TinyISP.
Fab TinyISP: is a programmer board that is used in programming other PCBs.
Click here for the reference link of FabTinyISP.
I used the following traces image and outline image of the Fab TinyISP
and I convert them into a format that the Milling machine understands by using Fab Modules website.
In Fab Modules, I went first to the top left and select the png image for the input and .rml for the output which is the format that the milling machine understand. Then I select PCB traces (1/64) for the traces image and PCB outline (1/32) for the cutout outline image. After that I choose the name of the machine which is SRM-20 and I put the x, y and z axis to zero and finally calculate. The lines shown in the picture are the paths that the milling machine will move on to engrave the copper board.
Then I took these two .rml files to the Milling machine. This is the Roland CNC Milling machine I used in the lab.
And before starting milling, I took a copper board which is shown in the below picture and put it in the machine then I set the origin position
And this is the production of the milling machine
Then I started collecting all the components I need to solder
Here I started solding
And here I'm done with soldering. After that, I removed the copper shown in the image to ensure there will be no short circuit while inserting the ISP in the laptope.
Finally I used the multimeter to check continuity between connected components and to ensure that there is no short circuit between VCC and GND.
First, I installed the following programs in my PC to setup the environment to be ready for programming the ISP:
After installing WinAVR folder I needed to do the following steps:
(I reviwed Maha's website to do these steps)
1. Open WinAVR folder >> find bin folder and move the files avrdude.conf and avrdude elsewhere.
2. Replace the removed folders with the new version avrdude-6.3-mingw32.zip. All the versions are in this website.
3. Go to Control Panel > Systems > Advance System Settings > Environment Variables > Path > Edit > Delete the old AVR path and add the new path.
Now it's time to check from the terminal that all the programs were installed correctly.
To do so, I wrote these commands in Git bash.
avrdude -c usbtiny -p t45
After installing the fts-firmware:
- I extracted the zip file then I typed make in Git bash to create a hex file.
- Here I connected my ISP with my instructor's ISP then plug instructor's ISP in the laptope as shown in the below image
Red LED is ON in both ISPs
- Then I opened Zadig and I installed the driver in my ISP.
- Then I typed the commands make flash and make fuses
- After that, I pluged my ISP in the laptop directly.
In this step I realized that something went wrong because there was no sound while inserting my ISP in the laptop.
I noticed later that I soldered the zener diodes reversly.I removed them and re solder them.
Then I went to Device Manager to check that my ISP appears there.
- Finaly I reconnected the instructor's ISP with mine and plug instructor's ISP again in my laptop.
I opened Git bash again and wrote this command rstdisbl
Now my ISP ready to program any board
I used my programmer to upload a blink code as shown in the following video.
For the group assignment we tried milling in two ways (Conventional & Climb)
by using two different milling bits (0.01 & 1/64)
I used fab modules to calculate PCB traces and use it for milling
As shown, increasing the size of the milling bit will disappear some of the details.
The result of 0.01 milling bit in both climb and conventional is more clear and we can see the very small details.