NOTE: This is a fork of the tutorial with some URLs and ports replaced with those specific to the Providence Fab Lab at AS220. We're running a local Mercurial server and some settings are different. The goal is to make things less confusing instead of more; hopefully this tutorial achieves the former.
ALSO NOTE: Once you've set up your keys you can skip to step 5.
Mercurial is a free, distributed source control management tool. This tutorial covers how to install Mercurial on the Mac OS and clone the Fab Academy archive.
You need to download and install Mercurial (there is an installer)l: http://mercurial.selenic.com/
You need to put key files (academy and academy.pub) where Mercurial can find them.
Open terminal (On Mac OS: from the Finder menu > Go > Utilities > Terminal)
You will be in your home directory by default. Your prompt with look something like::
Where "MyComputerName" is the name of your hard disk and the "myhomedirectoryname is the username you created to login to Mac OS.
Type the following text into the terminal after the prompt:
You system will ask you for a password - type in the password you use as an adminstrator on your Mac (this is the same password you use to log into your computer).
Within the .ssh directory you need to create another directory called keys.
To do this type:
Download the keys that your instructor sent you in an email. They are named academy and academy.pub. You will need to place them in the keys directory. To do this, save the key files to your desktop from the email.
Change your location in the terminal by moving to the Desktop folder.
You need to move both of the keys from your desktop to the keys directory that you created earlier.
mv academy ~/.ssh/keysThen type:
mv academy.pub ~/.ssh/keys
You need to set permissions for your private key so that only you have read/write access to them.
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/keys/academy
chmod 644 ~/.ssh/keys/academy.pub
You can skip this step since our local server is using port 22, which is the default.
Now we need to clone the archive for you region: na=North America, sa=South America, eu=Europe, as=Asia, af=Africa. Ask your Local Instructor or Remote Guru what archive to clone. In this example we are copying the North American (na) repository.
For convenience, we will clone it to the desktop.
Copy the text and paste it into the terminal:
hg clone -e "ssh -i ~/.ssh/keys/academy" ssh://email@example.com/hg/repos/academy.2015/na providence.academy.2015
If you are cloning for the first time, you may be told that the "authenticity of the host cannot be established" and are given the option to type "yes" or "no".
You should see the following response (or a similar response) in the terminal as the archive is cloned. Success!
requesting all changes adding changesets adding manifests adding file changes added 10 changesets with 119 changes to 112 files updating to branch default 111 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
Next, clone the tutorials archive so you can edit and add to the tutorials as we go along. The tutorials are in the /doc archive:
hg clone -e "ssh -i ~/.ssh/keys/academy" ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/hg/repos/academy.2015/doc providence.academy.2015.tutorials
Now you need to edit your archive's personal configuration file. To do this you need to move into the archive folder that you just created on the desktop. It is called academy.2015
You are now within the academy.2015 directory.
To edit your archive's personal configuration file (called hgrc) to reflect your name and email we need to open the file in a editior:
A text editor will open inside of the terminal window. This text should already be in the file:
default = ssh://email@example.com/academy.2015/Web/na
[ui] username = First Last <firstname.lastname@example.org> ssh = ssh -i ~/.ssh/keys/academy -C [hooks] changegroup = hg update >&2
To save the file:
- press [control]+O to save the file (then the enter key)
- press [control]+X to exit the editor
Now try updating your archive by typing:
you should see a response like this:
pulling from ssh://email@example.com/hg/repos/academy.2015/na searching for changes no changes found
Congratulations! You have been successful and you can now work with the archive. Look over the Mercurial basics and resources page.
However, if you get a response like this:
pulling from ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/hg/repos/academy.2015/na
searching for changes
adding file changes
added 1 changesets with 2 changes to 2 files
2 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
(run 'hg update' to get a working copy)
Type "hg update", now you are successful.
Tutorial by Anna Kaziunas France - Last Updated January, 28th 2015