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1 - Principles and Practices

Introduction to my project

1. Principles and practices

The assignment for the first week of the FabAcademy is based on the assessments for (Principles and Practices). The tasks for this assignment include:

We will be evaluated on whether we:

Final Project Assessment Criteria

Before beginning, it is important to understand what is expected of a final project. To do this it is important to look at the assessment criteria. The final project will be assessed based on the following learning outcomes:

Further details regarding the assesment of the Final project (can be found here)

Project Idea: A stove that generates electricity

The idea for the final project that I would like to construct throughout the FabAcademy is a powered stove similar to the PowerStove or the BioLite.

PowerStove

PowerStove.jpg

BioLite

BioLite.jpg

Background

55% of rural Africans across the continent have little to no access to electricity as they try to cook in the nighttime . The PowerStove will immediately provide electricity for these families with a short payback period compared to buying a conventional stove and small solar panel. PowerStove provides a solution much more elegant than cooking without the benefit of creating electricity and/or the complexity of having to buy additional equipment

The PowerStove is designed for user’s with no training required. Simply fill the stove with biopellets, ignite them and you’re ready to cook while powering your electronic device through the USB port.

This two in one solution replaces your conventional charcoal stove and comes with the added bonus of electric power. No need to buy a solar panel, this stove powers while you cook. A similar stove has proven successful in Nigeria with little to know user training necessary.

What it Does

The Powered Stove converts heat from cooking into Direct Current Electricity using Thermoelectric Generators (TEGs). TEGs are thermo-electric component that take advante of the (Seebeck Effect)

The electricity is used to power a USB terminal suitable to charge a phone. Critical to the Seebeck effect is the requirement of a thermal differential. As such, a heat sink and fan are required on one side of the TEG to appropriately cool the TEG. The photo below provides a general overview of what it does.

PowerStoveOverview.JPG

How it works

There are three main sub assemblies involved in this stove.

1 - The combustion chamber assembly

2 - The electric generator assembly

3 - The electronics assembly

Below is a concept illustrating the sub-assemblies. Using this as reference we will provide detailed sketches of each aspect in each sub-section below.

PowerStoveDiagram.JPG

Combustion chamber assembly

The combustion chamber assembly mates with the electric generator assembly. The sketch below illustrates the concept for how it will be constructed for this prototype

PowerStoveSketch1.JPG PowerStoveSketch2.JPG

Electric generator assembly

The eletric generator assembly contains the TEGs and the cooling fan and heat sink. The sketch below illustrates the concept:

PowerStoveSketch3.JPG PowerStoveWiringDiagram.JPG

Electronic Assembly

The last assembly includes the wiring for the LiOn batteries, charge controller, voltage regulator and USB port. The first spiral used soldered wires and the next spiral will use a circuit board and will add temperature sensing as well as an LED bar graph.

PowerStoveWiringDiagram2.JPG ElectronicsFirstSpiral.jpg

Project Plan

In this section I will discuss the history of my work on this concept,the over all development goals (spiral developments), and the objectives for this course.

History of my work on this concept

To date, I have built a very first prototype of this concept as a way to learn the main subassemblies and where to improve the development. Below is a video of the first prototype:

In the first prototype, I proved the concept of using heat to produce suffient amount of electricity to power the fan and cool the back side of the TEGs.

Overall development goals (spiral developments)

In the first prototype, I experimented with using the TEGs to produce sufficient electricity to power a 5V fan. Although successful. There were many improvements that could be made. Below is a list of the improvements to be made.

Improvements required

Spirals

Using the improvements listed above, below is an idea of the spirals that could be followed over the evolution of the project

1 - Completed prototype as is (TEGs that power fan)

2 - Addition of a heat sensor and led bargraph

3 - Refinement of heatsink assembly

4 - Custom build of the TEG

Objectives for this course

Primary objective

In this course I intent to focus in on Spiral Step 2: Addition of a heatsensor and led bargraph. The objective is to build a heat sensor system and not focus so much on the combustion chamber. The BioLite video below illustrates the objective

Secondary objectives

The secondary objetives would be to successfully attach this electronics sensing assembly to an existing stove configuration and power it using off the shelf TEGs and heat sinks.

Moonshot

The moonshot would be to make my own custom heat sink and TEGs