Many people must have encountered funcionality or reduced function problem after a fracture or injury. For example someone has got fracture in finger. After recovery his/her finger won’t move as it should. I myself have limited functionality in my right hand. I want to make a device or tool that would help and enhance physical functionality.


My intent for this project is to help people so that they can do more by enhancing the functionality.

The Strategy

The strategy was quite simple for final project. The core of my project was to make mechanism and actuator. I followed Neil's Spiral Development.

Spiral 1. Making One finger actuator work. Making one beding actuator. And testing manually.

Spiral 2. Making 5 actuator, integrating with glove and combinging it and operating it.

Spiral 3. Operating Mechanism with flex sensor and packaging it.

Spiral 4. Adding more functionalities if get completes in time.

I am not from electronics background thus I wanted to start early with electronics and make electronics for final project and then going on with making actuator and then assebly. I didnt want to keep things for last moment.

What I planned to do when ?

The table below shows what I planned to do when?

Task Description When?
Conncept Development Deciding on the idea. Week 1-3
Researching Figuring out what to do exactly Week 4-6
Planning Figuring out and planning system Week 7-8
Electronics Board and its function : Schematics Week 9
Electronics Altering Boards Week 10
Electronics Testing Flex Sensor Week 11
Sourcing Material Ordered : Valves, Pipes, Pumps, etc. Week 13
Sourcing Material Almost all parts arrived Week 15
Making Mechanism : Testing Actuator Week 16
Designing Parts Designing parts needed. Week 17-18
Packaging and Assembly Figuring out Packaging and Manufacturing. Week 19
Running Tests Checking the assembly and finalising codes. Week 20
Preparing For Final Presentation Finishing annd painting and organising project. Making Video. Week 21

Time Management

It is really difficult to know how much you actually need to do and how much time it will take. Thus its better to be early than being late and suffer.

As it is said 'Everything that is supposed to go wrong will definately go wrong.'

First thing first : 1. Set your spirals. You need to be atleast sure about what do you want to do at inital stage and go in one direction.

2. Get to know the components you would use with final project and work with it at early stage.

3. I realised the more you know your parts more you'll understand complexity of project.

4. Document as you go, so you dont have to rush in last minute.

Challenges / What went wrong?

1. First thing went wrong was sourcing time. I should have ordered earlier and explored it more. It arrived just in Mechanical Design Week. That two weeks went off very fast and didnt get to try more stuff.

2. Another was to divide time. I didn't divide time wisely according to complexity.

3. Pnuematics is complex than it seems. I used 3D printed parts as connectors. But I realised it was never air tight. I had to seal it with epoxy coat.

Presentation Slide

Below is the presentation slide that I made for the Final Presentation.

I made it using Adobe InDesign and Photoshop. I composed it in InDesign and liked images of Photoshop.

The above screenshot shows the image from process.

Below is the link to original slide and image of slide.

Presentation Video

There after I made a .mp4 video in Adobe Photoshop CC 2019. Photoshop CC has capablity to edit and render videos. Also while exporting it allows to modify all parameters like bit rate, frame rate, etc.

Images from Process

Then I converted for web with VLC Media Encoder/Player.

Step 1: Download VLC software. (From Neil's list of softwares.)

Step 2: Open VLC.

Step 3: Go to File > Convert.

Step 3: Add file that you want to encode.

Step 4: Encapsulation. Select MP4.(we have to upload mp4)

Step 5: Video Encode: MPEG-4 supports web most web browser. Bit rate : 800. You cann reduce or increase as per your size requirement. Frame rate: 24. Smoother the video if more frame rate. Resolution : 1920x1080.(as per need.)

Step 6: Audio Encode: MPEG Audio. Bit rate: 128.(you can reduce to save space.)

Step 7: Save it.

Video Link

* For the complete process and development of Final Project Development page go to the link below :

Bill of Materials

Components Vendor Link Cost(70 INR~1$)
Fabric : Flexible Souced Locally 100-150 INR/Mtr.
Fabric : Non-Flexible Souced Locally 70-100 INR/Mtr.
Fabric Cotton Glove

Cotton Gloves - Amazon

~250 INR
Main Final Board- AtMega328p, Copper board, Capacitors, Resistors Fabricated At FabLab

Fab Lab Inventory

*Visit The board design section in the Final Project Development Page for components.

Flex Sensors Can be made/purchased at : Amazon 500-600 INR/Piece
Solenoid Air-Valve (Two Way) Amazon 300~350 INR/Piece
Pnuematic Air Pump (12V-DC) Amazon 300~400 INR/Piece
Ribbed Plastic Hose Vendor Site 35~50 INR/Mtr
8MM Vaccume Pipe Vendor Site 30~35 INR /Mtr
3MM Pine MDF - A1 Sheet Sorced Locally INR 140~200

*I also used 3D Printed and Lasercut parts.

*Licence that I used is attached at the end of page.

*I have attached all files on link at the end of page.